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Traditional Jewelleries of India

Serpech

Serpech
This is originated from Rajasthan. It is made of diamonds and emarald and it is worn by men on their turban. Elaborate Jaipur enamel work is done on it. Even the queens of Mugal used a similar type of head ornament.

Kada (Kangan)

Kada or Kangan
It originated from Varanasi in Uttarpradesh which is an head ornament used by both sex people of all ages. This is mostly of precious metals, stones and enamels. The female wear this ornament and it is named Kangan. One style of this is made of a hollow piece each had two designs at the end either twin parrot elephant or peacock. Kada worn by men is carved but not engraved.

Nath or Nathini

Nath or Nathini
Nath is a nose ornament which is engraved with clusters or single diamond, pearl with foundation gold or silver. In some parts it is a symbol of married women. Another form of Nathini is a larger size ring which is exposed outside and it is held with the help of chain which is attracted to the hair with the help of a hook. This is known to be one of the best art of Maharasthra and is rarely used.

Oodiyanam

Oodiyanam
It is a waist ornament and is used to be with the saree. It is of gold and silver and is said that using this ornament regularly the women maintain the waist even after several deliveries.

Karan Phool Jumka

Karan Phool Jumka
This originated from Rajasthan, the meaning of it is flower of the ear. This ornament has a chain and a huge hanging the stud is of floral motifs with diamond, rubies and the hanging is called Jumka. It supported by two strands of pearl which were held to the hair with the help of a hook to minimise the weight. It was during the Mughal period.

Hathpool

Hathpool
This originated from Rajasthan and is a jewellery for palms and fingers. It is a floral design ornament which connected to five different rings in each fingers. The finger parts had stones and the reverse part is carved with enamel. The setting of this is known as Kunthan. Some decorate there hand beneath or under with Henna.

Jadanagam

Jadanagam
Its origin is from South India which means serpent (Tamilnadu). It is worn by bricks to decorate hair and has two pieces. The centre piece consists of and moon and it is surrounded by several cobras head. Sun and moon is the the symbol of glory and serpent is the symbol of power. The sun and moon was stuck with rubies and diamonds. Several supplimentary ornaments are used with this to enhance the beauty of this. It is also used by devadasi or temple dancers, who consider themselves as God's bride. This traditional ornament is continues even now in Bharathanayam costume where serpant head is substituted by flowers.

Paizab

Paizab
This is a leg ornament originated from Hyderabad. It is a thin base chain with several connecting chain which has a board effect. It is made of gold or silver and studed with precious stones or engraved with ends called Kunthan settings.

Chandrahar

Chandrahar
Its origin is from Bengal. It is an ornament used for waist which resembles the shape of moon and it is similar to Paizab. It compraises of series of minute in criss cross shaped gold wire and has a long pendent of flower motif and small flowers on either sides of the gold chain.

Vanki

Vanki
It originated from South India. It is an ornament for upper arm similar to that of a coiled serpant. Metal used was gold engraved with diamonds ruby and emrald. The ornament is used during wedding in some lower portion of the ornament may have a parrot led up to the top. Shape of Vanki is such that it is fixed over the upper arm without any strap.

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